Women began to paint hair more than three thousand years ago. Recipes of Assyrian herbalists, dated 2177 BC. e., contain descriptions of some of the cosmetic products used for these purposes. One of these specific recipes describes the use of Chinese cinnamon (cassia) and leek for hair coloring.
Initially, hair coloring was used to indicate a special status, position of a person in society, or for sacred purposes.
So in ancient Egypt, the most popular was the dark brown and black hair color, associated with power. Hair coloring and hairstyle creation were not the privilege of commoners. Already in the 1200’s BC. e. in order to make the hair darker, some Egyptians use a kohl (a mixture of soot and other components) and henna (a paint from dried leaves of owsonia). Other dyes of natural origin were also used to add new shades to the natural color of hair, to make the hair color more saturated. Some of the Egyptians, including Cleopatra, to make hair darker even used wigs.
In ancient Greece, the subtle refinement of the image was emphasized by ashy and golden hues of hair. For coloring, flavored powders with a tinted effect were used.